举报
如何穿上神的军装?
2023-01-15 12:36:20
379次阅读
3个评论
最后修改时间:2023-01-15 12:40:45

陈中道牧师:军装上有藤牌。保罗在这里所用的字,并非指比较小的圆形的藤牌;这乃是重武装的战士所带的大的长椭圆形的藤牌。在古代的战争中,最危险的武器之一就是火箭。箭头上有麻屑浸渍在松脂里。在战争的时候,把箭头默燃,然后射出。这大的长椭圆形的藤牌,是由两部份木材,胶在一起造成。当火箭描向藤牌放射,火箭穿入木中,火便熄灭。信德能够挡住试探的火箭。在保罗看来,信德总是完全信靠基督。当我们与基督紧紧的同行的时候,我们有安全,不受试探的引诱。

   军装上有救恩的头盗。救恩不只是回顾以往。救恩是在基督里,赦免过去的罪,并且给力量在未来的日子里,得胜罪。

    平安──人至高的福利,信心──在基督里完全的安心,恩惠──上帝可爱的白白的恩赐,保罗在上帝面前祈求,将这一切赐给他的朋友。最要紧的,他向上帝求爱:他们得以知道上帝的爱;他们得以爱人像上帝爱他们一样;他们得以以不灭的爱,爱耶稣基督。

    1. 真理是一条带子。带子总是一条的,不是一片或一块。表示我们不是只以片断的真理“束腰”,乃应以一贯的、完整的真理作带子束腰。


2. 用真理当带子束腰,表示我们的生活行为要受真理的约束。带子将衣服束起,是便利行动及工作。衣未束带则行动不便,更不便于作战。所以用带子束腰,是战士、仆人、及旅客的服装。信徒的行为若不受真理的约束,便无法与魔鬼作战,更不能在世上事奉神了。

3. 用真理当带子束腰,也表示以真理为行事的能力。腰是一个人用力的中心。武士们都是要束腰的,中国的拳击家更注意腰力。信徒要以真理束腰,才有属灵的能力;我们受真理的约束到什么程度,属灵的能力,也到什么程度。

4. 真理的腰带既是神所赐军装中的第一样,表示信徒对真理的顺服,乃是属灵争战中必修的第一课。是基督精兵的起码训练。正如士兵学开怆,是起码应学的一样。信徒没有顺服真理的心,在属灵争战上,就无胜利可言。

    14下在此“胸”可代表信徒的心意,这是用身体的器官,象征人的心意或态度,例如中国人说“胆大心细”是指勇敢而小心,却不是说那个人身体内的胆很大而心脏很小。箴言4:23说:“你要保守你心,胜过保守一切;因为一生的果效,是由心发出”。魔鬼显然十分留意攻击信徒的心,它曾诱使夏娃的心“偏于邪”,也要同样诱惑信徒(林后11:3),设法占据人的心意,使人自高自大。而我们争战的目的,是要“将人所有的、心意夺回,便他都顺服基督”(林后10:4-5)。新约中有犹大与亚拿尼亚,因为心中给魔鬼留地步,以致魔鬼入了他们的心(参约13:27;徒5:5),其结果都十分悲惨。所以作为一个基督的精兵,不能不留意防卫我们的心。


这里使徒教训我们,要用公义当作护心镜遮胸,这意思就是:

1. 常行公义,爱公义,主持公义,不贪不义,不偏护肉体,不给魔鬼留地步,使它没有机会攻击我们。这公义不单指待人也指待己。有许多信徒对别人的错误既公义且严厉,但对自己的错误,却毫不公义,常偏袒错误,不定罪为罪,为自己的过失掩饰辩护。这就等于不用护心镜遮胸,让魔鬼有机可乘。

2. 要仰仗神所赐的公义胜过魔鬼的控告。神是公义的,“凡行公义之人都是祂所生的”(约一2:29),基督徒得以被神称义,乃因承受了基督的义。正如使徒保罗对腓立比人所说的──“并且得以在祂里面,不是有自己因律法而得的义,乃是有信基督的义,就是因信神而来的义”(腓3:9),所以,虽然我们自己是败坏不堪的,不但经不起魔鬼的控告,甚至也经不起人的指摘。但我们的心仍可向神坦然,因我们不是凭自己的义得救,乃是凭基督的义而得救。基督既已为我们受了罪刑,神按着祂自己的公义,就不能使信祂的人受刑。这“公义”就是我们的“护心镜”,使我们不怕魔鬼的控告。

3. 要向前进,“遮胸”是防备迎面来的敌人,不是防备后面的敌人。所有属灵的军装,也都是为前进而准备的,不是为逃跑准备的,所以我们必须不断前进,前进才有“武器”保护我们,逃跑便没有任何保护了。我们只有护心镜,没有护背镜。

收藏 0 0
    2023-01-15 21:26:08

    Beta and Passive Risk Management

    Another risk measure oriented to behavioral tendencies is a drawdown, which refers to any period during which an asset's return is negative relative to a previous high mark. In measuring drawdown, we attempt to address three things:

     

    The magnitude of each negative period (how bad)

    The duration of each (how long)

    The frequency (how often)

    For example, in addition to wanting to know whether a mutual fund beat the S&P 500, we also want to know how comparatively risky it was. One measure for this is beta (known as "market risk"), based on the statistical property of covariance. A beta greater than 1 indicates more risk than the market and vice versa.

     

    Beta helps us to understand the concepts of passive and active risk. The graph below shows a time series of returns (each data point labeled "+") for a particular portfolio R(p) versus the market return R(m). The returns are cash-adjusted, so the point at which the x and y-axes intersect is the cash-equivalent return. Drawing a line of best fit through the data points allows us to quantify the passive risk (beta) and the active risk (alpha).

     

    The gradient of the line is its beta. For example, a gradient of 1.0 indicates that for every unit increase of market return, the portfolio return also increases by one unit. A money manager employing a passive management strategy can attempt to increase the portfolio return by taking on more market risk (i.e., a beta greater than 1) or alternatively decrease portfolio risk (and return) by reducing the portfolio beta below one.

    توصيات الاسهم الامريكية

     

    Alpha and Active Risk Management

    If the level of market or systematic risk were the only influencing factor, then a portfolio's return would always be equal to the beta-adjusted market return. Of course, this is not the case: Returns vary because of a number of factors unrelated to market risk. Investment managers who follow an active strategy take on other risks to achieve excess returns over the market's performance. Active strategies include tactics that leverage stock, sector or country selection, fundamental analysis, position sizing, and technical analysis.

     

    Active managers are on the hunt for an alpha, the measure of excess return. In our diagram example above, alpha is the amount of portfolio return not explained by beta, represented as the distance between the intersection of the x and y-axes and the y-axis intercept, which can be positive or negative. In their quest for excess returns, active managers expose investors to alpha risk, the risk that the result of their bets will prove negative rather than positive. For example, a fund manager may think that the energy sector will outperform the S&P 500 and increase her portfolio's weighting in this sector. If unexpected economic developments cause energy stocks to sharply decline, the manager will likely underperform the benchmark, an example of alpha risk.

    توصيات الذهب

     

    The Cost of Risk

    In general, the more an active fund and its managers shows themselves able to generate alpha, the higher the fees they will tend to charge investors for exposure to those higher-alpha strategies. For a purely passive vehicle like an index fund or an exchange-traded fund (ETF), you're likely to pay one to 10 basis points (bps) in annual management fees, while for a high-octane hedge fund employing complex trading strategies involving high capital commitments and transaction costs, an investor would need to pay 200 basis points in annual fees, plus give back 20% of the profits to the manager.

    gold trading strategy

     

    The difference in pricing between passive and active strategies (or beta risk and alpha risk respectively) encourages many investors to try and separate these risks (e.g. to pay lower fees for the beta risk assumed and concentrate their more expensive exposures to specifically defined alpha opportunities). This is popularly known as portable alpha, the idea that the alpha component of a total return is separate from the beta component.

     

    For example, a fund manager may claim to have an active sector rotation strategy for beating the S&P 500 and show, as evidence, a track record of beating the index by 1.5% on an average annualized basis. To the investor, that 1.5% of excess return is the manager's value, the alpha, and the investor is willing to pay higher fees to obtain it. The rest of the total return, what the S&P 500 itself earned, arguably has nothing to do with the manager's unique ability. Portable alpha strategies use derivatives and other tools to refine how they obtain and pay for the alpha and beta components of their exposure.

    https://www.gold-pattern.com/en

    2023-01-15 12:38:12

        神的道是活泼的,是有功效的,比一切两刃的剑更快,甚至魂与灵,骨节与骨髓,都能刺入剖开,连心中的思念和主意,都能辨明。”“活泼的”表示它是有生命的、活的。“有功效”表示它能在心中产生实际的效果。“比一切两刃的剑更快”,因为它能剖切一切属物质的利剑所不能剖切的东西:不论是人隐藏在内心的思想,或表露在外面的主张,都能“刺入剖开”,使人无法掩饰任何罪恶或诡计。又能把各种错误的异端,难分辨的道理显明出来,使人走在正确的道路上,这就是神的道的锋锐功效。

    但注意这“神的道”乃是圣灵的宝剑,不是我们的宝剑。我们只不过“拿着”这属于圣灵的宝剑。这意思就是说:信徒要熟读熟记圣经的话,然后随看圣灵在内心的工作和引导来运用。我们必须先自己熟读圣经,圣灵才能教导我们明白。必先存记心中,然后圣灵才能随时使我们“想起”圣经的话(约14:26)。“拿着”是表示随时准备使用。但许多基督徒似乎把这“宝剑”收藏起来,以致变成长满了锈的剑。他们很少读圣经,对神的话十分生疏,以致完全不知道如何随着圣灵的意思,挥动这犀利的武器。且看主耶稣基督,虽然是神的儿子,祂在旷野受魔鬼试探时,还是倚赖这“圣灵的宝剑”来战胜魔鬼(参太4:1-11;申6:16-17;8:3;10:20)。

    G.多方的祷告(6:18-20)

        祷告也是属灵的武器之一,并且是所有属尽兵器中最重要的武器。它可说是属灵军装中的“万能武器”,具有多方面的效能。它不但本身兼备防守和进攻的效用,且能使一切其它的“军装”成为人有效力的兵器。缺乏了祷告,一切军装都会变成软弱、迟钝,不能发挥完全的功能。

    2023-01-15 12:37:03

    以平安的福音为鞋,穿在脚上有三层意思:

    1. 行事为人依循福音真理的原则,不走罪恶的道路。罪恶的道路就是危险的道路,福音的道路就是平安的道路。罪恶道路是与神为敌,所以圣经说“恶人必不得平安”(赛57:21),福音的道路是与神和好,就从神得平安。

    2. 所到之处都把福音带给人。让平安的福音像鞋一样穿在脚上,人走到那里,平安的福音也带到那里。随时随地向人讲述福音的好处,引人走平安的路。这是属灵战士应有的脚步。可惜有些信徒,所到之处,不但未把“平安的福音”带给人,反把是非和争端带给人。

    3. 要以传福音为天职。在此既以平安的福音为鞋,则所有的脚步都是福音的脚步。神的旨意不只是要传道人作福音使者,乃是叫一切信徒都应当以“传平安的福音”为当然的职责。一切行事生活都以使福音广传为目标。

    注意:些这属灵的军装,并非只给传道人的,更是给一切信徒的。圣经说:“报福音传喜信的人,他们的脚步何等佳美”(罗10:15),这佳美的脚步不只是传道人的脚步,也应当是一切信徒的脚步。

    所以这“平安福音的鞋”,不只是消极防卫的军装,也是积极向仇敌攻击的军装。


    帖前5:8“把得救的盼望当作头盔戴上”。两处都用于救恩方面。
    “头盔”是保护头部的军装,头代表人的思想,是全身的主脑,不断指挥看全身的百节,是全人最重要的部分。神以祂的救恩为我们的头盔,意思就是神以祂的拯救作为我们思想的保护。信徒在末认识主之前,心思是被邪灵所运行,以致思想完全世俗化、肉体化,并且与神为敌。但当我们领受基督的救恩而得救时,这救恩不但要救我们的灵脱离永死的刑罚,也要拯救我们的魂──心思、意念、情感,使我们的思想获得更新,不再一味顺服魔鬼。但在得救以后,这思想上的更新是需要继续的(罗12:2),不是一劳永逸的,因为魔鬼在思想方面仍继续攻击信徒,仍然不断设法使信徒的思想世俗化、肉体化,使信徒不能成为一个属灵的人。所以我们需要继续依赖神的拯救。

       神的救恩,不但是神奇妙的救法和大能。其设计之成功与施行之经过,亦处处显示神的慈爱、公义、圣洁、怜恤、忍耐、谦卑等种种德性和真理。所以戴上救恩的头盔的意思,也就是让我们的思想被恩所显明的各种属神之真理与美德所同化、所规范。使我们思想不被今世污浊的潮流所侵袭。

共3条 1

登录 后评论。没有帐号? 注册 一个。

可爱的大能勇士

  • 0 回答
  • 0 粉丝
  • 0 关注